Explore the 1870 United States census and find out more about your ancestors.
1870 US Census Date: June 1, 1870 (All reported data is “as of” this official date chosen by the census agency)
1870 Census Duration: 5 months
1870 US Census Population: 39,818,449
President During 1870 Census: Ulysses S. Grant
37 States participated in the1870 census. New States in 1870 census: West Virginia, Nebraska, Kansas and Nevada. Participating territories: New Mexico, Colorado, Idaho, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Washington, Dakota and Indian.
1870 Census Data: 9th United States Census
It took $3,421,000, approximately 6,530 enumerators and 3,473 published reports to complete the 1870 census.
The US population increased by 26.6 percent from the 1860 census to the 1870 census.
Information requested for the 1870 US Census
Name, Age, Sex, Color
Profession, occupation, or trade
Value of real estate
Value of personal estate
Place of birth
Was the person's father of foreign birth?
Was the person's mother of foreign birth?
If the person was born within the last year, which month?
If the person was married within the last year, which month?
Did the person attend school within the last year?
Can the person not read?
Can the person not write?
Is the person deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic?
Is the person a male citizen of the United States of 21 years or upwards?
Is the person a male citizen of the United States of 21 years or upwards whose right to vote is denied or abridged on grounds other than "rebellion or other crime?"
No major loss of records for the 1870 census.
Famous people in history: Henry J. Heinz
Henry J. Heinz created a condiment synonymous with American cuisine and a company that pioneered benevolent social benefits for employees in the US. Son of a German immigrant, Heinz relaunched his fledgling business with the creation of Heinz ketchup in 1875 after his horseradish venture failed following the Panic of 1875.
Heinz coined the “57 varieties” slogan that appears on every bottle of Heinz ketchup, a claim which is attributed to merely a clever marketing ploy. The actual recipe for Heinz ketchup is closely guarded. Heinz was born, lived, ran his business, raised his family, and died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Henry J Heinz, age of 25, in 1870 Census before Heinz ketchup launched.
Historical Events Surrounding 1870 US Census
November 1, 1870: National Weather Service issues its first weather forecast predicting a windy day in Chicago.
March 1, 1872: Yellowstone becomes America’s first National Park
August 29, 1877: Brigham Young, First governor of the Utah Territory, founder of Salt Lake City, dies.
December 7, 1877: Thomas Edison demonstrates the phonograph in the offices of Scientific American
Construction begins for the Brooklyn Bridge in January of 1870