This browse-only collection includes images of deed registry books and indexes. The material covers 1780 to 1993. The deed books cover 1780 to 1930. Indexes run from 1780 to 1993.
Depending on the type of record and when it was created, you may be able to find various details about your ancestor’s land. The deed books generally provide more details than the indexes; however, as the majority of the deed books are handwritten, they are more challenging to decipher. Some deed books have been transcribed, which provides typewritten images of the registers.
For example, indexes may provide the following information:
The indentures recorded in the deed books may provide the following:
All fifteen counties of New Brunswick are included: Albert County, Carleton County, Charlotte County, Gloucester County, Kent County, Kings County, Madawaska County, Northumberland County, Queens County, Restigouche County, Saint John County, Sunbury County, Victoria County, Westmorland County, and York County.
With much land available, Canada became a desirable destination for settling and immigration. Many owned land and, as such, many can be found in land records such as these. In a newly settled area, land records were typically the first to be created and kept.
An example of an entry found in a deed book relates to William Davidson, a Scottish-Canadian lumber merchant. He was also a politician and shipbuilder. He is remembered as the first permanent European settler on the Miramichi River, New Brunswick. Davidson acquired 13 miles (21 km) on both sides of the river and was responsible for settling many individuals on the river. One indenture related to the granting of his land to another is dated 3 October 1787 and reads, in part, as follows:
"This indenture made this the twenty third day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven between William Davidson of Merimishie [sic] in the county of Northumberland province of New Brunswick marchant [sic] for and in consideration of the sum of forty pounds currancey [sic] of sd Province to me in hand the receipt whereof I hereby acknowledge my self fuley [sic] satisfied contented and paid do hereby and make over unto John Stewart of the county and province aforesd [sic] farmer a certain tract of land or lot numbered eleven living and being on the south side of the northwest arm of the River Miramishie [sic] on which the said John Stewart now lives being a part of a tract of land granted to me the said William Davidson by his Exelancey [sic] Thomas Carleton Esquire our present governor of sd. province, bearing date at city St. Johns the seventh day of June one thousand seven hundred and eighty six which lot is numbered eleven in the plan of said grant as above mentioned being in eighty roods and running as in described in said grant and plan containing two hundred acres more or less to him the said John Stewart with all and singular the woods under woods, water courses water profits privileges advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the same belonging or in any manner of way or appertaining and all the write title, interest, propertyies [sic], possession claim and demand either in law or equity of him the said William Davidson or his heirs of in and to the same and the reversion and reversions issue and profits thereof and of every part and parts thereof to have and to hold the lot or tract of land before by these presents granted and sold or meant or mentioned or intended to by hereby granted and sold […]."
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